Monday, July 11, 2011

Pride Week!!! Gift giving

originally posted december 13, 2010

* * * * * * * *

Ya know, friends...sometimes, enough is just simply Enough.  Such is the case between me and the Gazette's Mark of the Gazette's "religion" column, "The Pulpit."  I've said it before and I'll say it again:  Mark is not much more than a cheerleader for the homosexual cause...and just in case you need proof, just scroll back over a month's worth of posts to Barna's "The Pulpit" blog – you’ll see. 

Perhaps it's just me, but when I consider spirituality, homosexuality isn't the first, second, or third thing that comes to why is it so often the first with Mr. Barna?  But don't dare question him about it; Barna has already demonstrated the thinness of his skin by instantly deleting any and all commentary from one Spydra Webb.  

Considering his utterly one-sided approach to his select topics, it's no wonder he's so feverishly opposed to a "Day of Dialogue" -- God forbid someone entertain a divergent point of view.  The censorship and silencing of thought and an allegedly unbiased journalist.  

Don't think it will stop with the Gazette and Barna and all those at the Independent; believe me when I tell you that the new Human Rights Commission is a farce...and will be used as a tool against people who would dare think, say, and/or do anything contrary to the gay agenda.  

Think there’s no gay agenda?  Think again. 

It would seem that Barna cannot help but purposely skew and slant the positioning of his stories to glorify homosexuality while making mockery of religion -- particularly Christianity.  After reading Barna’s most recent offering of whining drivel, I was inspired to write…but in looking over the rant I'd written, it became clear to me that, rather than arguing and belaboring the issues, the most effective response is to fight fire with fire.  

Sorry to be the bearer of surprise, bad news...but SURPRISE! contrary to what some would prefer us to believe, homosexuality is not a great big bed of roses; it is NOT nearly the "normal" and "healthy" lifestyle alternative portrait that's being painted. 

Here, then, is the first of what will be a regular feature of my blog…in response to Barna’s repeated and unfair focus on the seamy underbelly of Christianity, Spydra Webb presents to you, for your consideration, a less seemly side of homosexuality.

You’re welcome.

**  **  **  **  **  **  **  **


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Human immunodeficiency virus
Scanning electron micrograph of HIV-1 (in green) budding from cultured lymphocyte. Multiple round bumps on cell surface represent sites of assembly and budding of virions.
Virus classification
Group:Group VI (ssRNA-RT)
  • Human immunodeficiency virus 1
  • Human immunodeficiency virus 2
Bugchasing is a slang term for the practice of pursuing sex with HIV infected individuals in order to contract HIV. Bugchasers may seek HIV infection for a variety of reasons.
Bugchasers seek sexual partners who are HIV positive for the purpose of having unprotected sex and becoming HIV positive; giftgivers are HIV positive individuals who comply with the bugchaser's efforts to become infected with HIV.



Bugchasers indicate various reasons for this activity. Some bugchasers engage in the activity for the excitement inherent in pursuing such a dangerous activity, but do not implicitly desire to contract HIV.[1][2] Some researchers suggest that the behavior may stem from a "resistance to dominant heterosexual norms and mores" due to a defensive response by gay men to repudiate stigmatization and rejection by society.[2]
Some men consider bugchasing "intensely erotic" and the act of being infected as the "ultimate taboo, the most extreme sex act left".[1] A number of men who are HIV negative and in a relationship with someone who is HIV positive seek infection as a way to remain in the relationship, particularly when the HIV positive partner may wish to break up to avoid infecting the HIV negative partner.[3]
Some workers in the US HIV community report that a number of younger men seek infection as a way to receive benefits, a "free ride," because they would qualify to receive Section 8Social Security and other benefits from getting infected with HIV.[3] Some contend that this behaviour stems from feelings of inevitability towards HIV among the gay community and the empowerment of choosing when to contract the virus.[4] Others have suggested that some men who feel lonely desire the nurturing community that supports persons with AIDS.[2]
By design, bug chasing involves bareback sex, but members of the bareback subculture are not necessarily bugchasers. The difference is intent:
In reviewing the scarce unpublished and published materials on bugchasing, as well as general healthcare speculations, a common theme appears- the lumping of bug chasers with barebackers...Although these two groups share some of the same practices, namely unprotected anal intercourse (UAI), there are distinctions that differentiate bug chasing...even though all bug chasers are indeed barebackers, not all barebackers are bugchasers.[5]

Bug parties

Bug parties (or "conversion parties") are gatherings at which gift givers and bug chasers meet to have sex, in order that the HIV negative women and men may catch the disease.[6]
In gay culture, bug parties are sex parties which often range from a few to as many as 30 people, where every participant is encouraged to have unsafe sex. There are several variations of bug parties. At some, there is one member of the group who is HIV positive. Only this individual and the host know his positive status. The remaining participants know that there is an infected person in the room, but do not know his identity. In other variations of a bug party, there is one person who is not infected with HIV, however the other participants are or may be. Every one is aware of the person who is disease free. The HIV negative person then allows the infected men to have unprotected sex with him.[4]


Over the past decade, researchers have endeavored to document, explain, and look for a solution to bug chasing. Dr. DeAnn Gauthier and Dr. Craig Forsyth put forth the first academic article in 1999. They explored the emerging trend of gay men who eschew condoms and the development of a barebacking subculture. They also noted through their qualitative research that some barebackers were in search of HIV.
Dr. Richard Tewksbury was one of the first researchers to acknowledge bug chasing online and that bug chasers were using the internet to assist their seroconversion efforts. In his more recent research, he gave a strong analysis of what bug chasers and gift givers resemble in their behaviors, attitudes, and demographics.
Drs. Christian Grov and Jeffrey T. Parsons' (2006) research using the internet profiles of 1,228 bug chasers and gift givers identified six subsets of bug chasers and gift givers.
  1. "The Committed Bug Chaser" included men who indicated they were HIV-negative and seeking HIV-positive partners. Of the committed bug chasers who indicated a desired sexual position, the majority were bottoms (62.2% anal receptive). Only 7.5% of the sample were classified as committed bug chasers.
  2. "The Opportunistic Bug Chaser" included men who were HIV-negative and indicated that their partner’s HIV status did not matter. Most of these men were either versatile (43.6%; meaning anal receptive and anal insertive) or bottoms (46.3%). In total, 12.1% of their sample included opportunistic bug chasers.
  3. "The Committed Gift Giver" included men who were HIV-positive that also indicated they were seeking HIV-negative partners. Notably, only five men from the entire sample of 1,228 fell into this category.
  4. "The Opportunistic Gift Giver" included men who indicated they were HIV-positive and that their partner’s status did not matter to them. Most of these men (61.8%) were versatile. Opportunistic Gift Givers comprised 26% of the sample.
  5. "The Serosorter" Although all men Drs. Grov and Parsons sampled indicated they were a gift giver or a bug chaser in their internet profile, behavioral intentions did not consistently match with bug chaser/gift giver identity. Some HIV-positive men (8.5% of total sample) indicated preference for other HIV-positive men. Meanwhile, some HIV-negative men (12.5% of total sample) indicated preference for other HIV-negative men. Although having indicated they were a bug chaser or a gift giver, these men were serosorting for partners of similar HIV status.
  6. "The Ambiguous Bug Chaser or Gift Giver" included men who indicated they did not know their HIV status and thus it was difficult to determine if they were seeking to bug chase or give the gift. This category comprised 16.3% of the sample.
In total, Drs. Christian Grov and Jeffrey T. Parsons concluded that bug chasing and gift giving might occur among a select few individuals. Further, their research found that there was substantial variation in intentions to spread HIV (with some not intent on spreading HIV) among those who indicated they were gift givers or bug chasers.
Dr. Mark Blechner found that some bug chasers were lonely and alienated, and saw HIV as a path to becoming part of a community that elicits public sympathy and caretaking. Other bug chasers were so overwhelmed by the anxiety of contracting HIV that they thought it would be a relief from that anxiety to become HIV-positive and "get it over with." And most recently, Dr. David Moskowitz, Dr. Catriona MacLeod and Dr. Michael Roloff attempted to quantitatively explain why bug chasers chase HIV. They claimed that individuals who look for HIV are more likely sex addicts. These individuals have exhausted the sexual high they previously derived by performing other sexual risk taking behaviors, and now turn to bug chasing to achieve the risk-oriented high.
Dr. Bruce D. LeBlanc (2007) conducted an exploratory study involving survey responses from self identified bug chasers, one of the first published studies involving direct responses from this identified group. His findings challenge "common sense" and research findings regarding bug chasers. Examining psychological and social motivations for seeking HIV the most frequent response was that individuals could not identify a psychological (internal thought process) or social (interactions with others) factor for seeking HIV. Regarding motivations for seeking infection the most frequent response was seeing becoming infected as a thrill, hot, or erotic, as well as seeing the semen through a similar lens. Few respondents identified "getting it over with" as a motivating factor.
There was some limited identification of becoming part of the "community" or "brotherhood" was identified. Other variables studied included methods for finding partners, sexual behaviors undertaken while seeking infection, average number of sexual partners, length of time for which they will seek infection and life event changes if they were successful in becoming infected with HIV.

Medical response

Bugchasing has, more recently, been taken more seriously by medical health promotion bodies, such as the Centers for Disease Control, which hosted a workshop on the topic, hosted by Dr. Michael Graydon of Carleton UniversityOttawa, at the 2004 National STD Prevention Conference.

Bugchasing in mainstream media

The bugchasing/giftgiving phenomenon gained press coverage and notoriety after Rolling Stone magazine printed an article in 2003 by a freelance journalist, Gregory Freeman, entitled "Bug Chasers: The men who long to be HIV+".[7] The article quoted San Francisco health services director Dr. Bob Cabaj as saying that as many as twenty-five percent of new HIV infections a year (about ten thousand people) were from men who had contracted it on purpose.[7][8][9] Cabaj disputed the quotes attributed to him but Rolling Stone remains behind the story.[8][9][10][11] Dr. Marshall Forstein, the medical director of mental health and addiction services at Boston's Fenway Community Health, was reported to have said that the clinic regularly saw bug-chasers and warned that it was growing.[7][12] He called the statements "entirely a fabrication," but Rolling Stone also stood behind them.[12][13]
Following the article, the Human Rights Campaign put out an action alert, calling its members to "PROTEST ROLLING STONE'S IRRESPONSIBLE 'BUG CHASING.'"[14] Critics criticized the use of the disputed figures by conservative organizations;[15] for example, The Traditional Values Coalition used the article to urge the Centers for Disease Control to cut down on its AIDS funding.[11]
Writer Daniel Hill outlined a scenario where such behavior might occur:
In private sex clubs across the U.S. men gather for a chance to participate in what is called Russian Roulette. Ten men are invited, nine are HIV−, one is HIV+. The men have agreed to not speak of AIDS, nor HIV. They participate in as many unsafe sexual encounters with each other as possible, thus increasing their chances to receive "the bug." These are the men known as 'Bug Chasers.'" [16]
Writer/director Daniel Bort made a 2003 short film on the subject called Bugchaser, which premièred at the 16th Annual Austin Gay and Lesbian Film Festival, and was shot mainly in New York sex clubs. In an interview with the Austin Chronicle, he explained: "The matter-of-fact declarations of a string of articulate, apparently nonsensical people … affected me tremendously. I had to find out the reasons why such individuals will seek suicide in this almost symbolic way." At the Austin G&L Film Festival, the film was shown with an accompanying documentary The Gift by Louise Hogarth.
HIV positive man Ricky Dyer, who investigated the apparent bug chasing phenomenon for a 2006 BBC programme, I love being HIV+, said that an air of complacency about the realities of living with the virus may be one reason why infection rates have been rising.[17] However, the BBC also described bugchasing as more internet fantasy than reality, saying that, "Dyer finds that the overwhelming majority of the talk is pure fantasy." The article also quotes Will Nutland, head of health promotion at Terrence Higgins Trust, as saying, "The concepts of 'gift giving' and 'bug chasers' are definitely based more in fantasy than reality" as well as Deborah Jack, chief executive of the National AIDS Trust saying, "There is very little evidence of people trying to get infected with HIV."
In the Showtime series Queer as Folk a former student of Professor Ben Bruckner, asked Ben to infect him with HIV, wanting to experience "the gift." Ben refuses and writes a novel about the incident.
A character named Billy in a book by Dakota Chase called Changing Jamie is a bug chaser and attends a bug party in order to get "the gift" believing the man he has fallen in love with will accept him. He does test positive later in the novel, only to discover at the end of the book what a mistake it was.

See also


  1. a b "Bug Chasers : Rolling Stone". Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  2. a b c Crossley, Michelle, 2004. "'Resistance' and health promotion". British Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 43, pp. 225–244
  3. a b Shirley Hawkins. ""‘Bug Chasers’ popularity increases among gay males"". Retrieved 2009-08-16.
  4. a b "Bug Chaser & Gift Giver Parties, Deliberately Transmitting HIV" By Ramon Johnson, Guide
  5. ^ Moskowitz DA, Roloff ME (2007). "The existence of a bug chasing subculture"Cult Health Sex 9 (4): 347–57.doi:10.1080/13691050600976296PMID 17612955.
  6. ^ Dean, T., 2008. "Breeding Culture: barebacking, Bugchasing, Giftgiving". The Massachusetts Review, Vol. 49(1), pp. 80-94.
  7. a b c Gregory A. Freeman (23 January 2003). "In Search of Death". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
  8. a b Roeper, Richard (2003-04-22). "What makes bug chasers, gift givers do such a thing?". Chicago Sun-Times: p. 11.
  9. a b Honolulu Advertiser: p. 1D. 2003-03-02. A new generation rethinks AIDS risk.
  10. ^ "n TRANSMISSION". AIDS Policy and Law (LRP Publications) 18 (4). 2003-03-03.
  11. a b Mnookin, Seth (2003-02-17). "Using 'Bug Chasers'". Newsweek. p. 10.
  12. a b "Bugged Out Over AIDS Story". New York Post. 2003-01-26. p. 10.
  13. ^ Mnookin, Seth (2003-01-23). "Is Rolling Stone's HIV Story Wildly Exaggerated?". Newsweek.
  14. ^ [[Dan Savage |Savage, Dan]] (2003-02-18). "Savage Love". The Village Voice: p. 171.
  15. ^ Laza, Matthew (2003-02-01). "Men Who Want AIDS". The Spectator: pp. 21–24.
  16. ^ Daniel Hill (2000). "Bug Chasers". Alternatives Magazine. Retrieved 2008-07-06.
  17. ^ Richard Pendry (2006-04-10). "HIV 'bug chasers': Fantasy or fact?". BBC News. Retrieved 2008-07-06.

Further reading

  • Blechner, M. (2002). "Intimacy, pleasure, risk, and safety". Journal of Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy 6: 27–33. doi:10.1300/J236v06n03_03.
  • Crossley, M. L. (2004). "Making sense of 'barebacking': Gay men's narratives, unsafe sex and the 'resistance habitus'". British Journal of Social Psychology 43 (Pt 2): 225–244. doi:10.1348/0144666041501679PMID 15285832.
  • Gauthier, D. K.; Forsyth, C. J. (1999). "Bareback sex, bug chasing, and the gift of death". Deviant Behavior 20: 85–100. doi:10.1080/016396299266605.
  • Grov, C. (2004). ""Make Me Your Death Slave": Men who have sex with men and use the Internet to intentionally spread HIV". Deviant Behavior 25: 329–349. doi:10.1080/01639620490427683.
  • Grov, C. (2006). "Barebacking websites: Electronic environments for reducing or inducing HIV risk". AIDS Care 18 (8): 990–997. doi:10.1080/09540120500521137PMID 17012090.
  • Grov, C.; Parsons, J. T. (2006). "Bugchasing and Giftgiving: The potential for HIV transmission among barebackers on the Internet". AIDS Education and Prevention 18 (6): 490–503.doi:10.1521/aeap.2006.18.6.490PMID 17166076.
  • Hatfield, K. (2004). A Quest for belonging: Exploring the story of the bug chasing phenomenon. Paper presented at the National Communication Association Conference, Chicago, Illinois.
  • LeBlanc, B. (2007). "An Exploratory Study of 'Bug Chasers'". Sociological Imagination 43 (2): 13–20.
  • Moskowitz, D. A.; Roloff, M. E. (2007). "The ultimate high: Sexual addiction and the bug chasing phenomenon". Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity 14 (1): 21–40. doi:10.1080/10720160601150121.
  • Moskowitz, D. A.; Roloff, M. E. (2007). "The existence of a bug chasing subculture". Culture, Health & Sexuality 9: 347–358. doi:10.1080/13691050600976296.
  • Tewksbury, R. (2003). "Bareback sex and the quest for HIV: assessing the relationship in internet personal advertisements of men who have sex with men". Deviant Behavior 25: 467–482.
  • Tewksbury, R. (2006). ""Click here for HIV": An analysis of internet-based bug chasers and bug givers". Deviant Behavior 27: 379–395. doi:10.1080/01639620600721346.

External links

General press coverage:
Fictional movie:

No comments:

Post a Comment